When required, reconnaissance and security teams move close to the road to reconnoiter key areas. Soldiers must know which rally point to move to at each phase of the patrol mission. Position the Team A soldier at 12 o'clock, and the Team B soldier at 6 o'clock in the ORF. The leader's plan must address actions on chance contact at each phase of the patrol mission. Detailed description of terrain and enemy positions that were identified. The team studies the sign and the area around it for any clue as to where the enemy went. There are various types of patrols, including combat, clearing, reconnaissance, standing and screening patrol. Once deployed into an area of operation, training continues so the platoon can learn about local soil, climate, vegetation, animals, vehicles, footwear, and other factors. b. g. Because of the speed with which other armored forces can reinforce the enemy in the ambush site, the leader should plan to keep the engagement short, and the withdrawal quick. e. The platoon leader should post the surveillance team and issue a five-point contingency plan before returning to the ORP. b. Terrain that the enemy would probably consider of little tactical value. (See paragraph 3-4 for specific items for coordination.). The pace man maintains an accurate pace at all times. (1) Collect and secure all EPWs and move them out of the kill zone before searching bodies. The squad leader must find a site that restricts the movement of armored vehicles out of the kill zone. NATO forces use the patrol report form specified by STANAG 2003. ATP 3-21.8 provides the doctrinal framework for all Infantry platoons and squads. This precludes uncertainty over which one soldiers should move to if contact is made immediately after the leader designates a new rally point. The leader considers the linear or L-shaped formations in planning an ambush. Times that the targeted unit will reach or pass specified points along the route. The leader selects routes from the ORP through the zone to a link-up point at the far side of the zone from the ORP. From here, the tracking team can locate and follow the enemy's trail. During his reconnaissance, the leader pinpoints the objective; selects security, support, and assault positions for his squads and fire teams; and adjusts his plan based on his observation of the objective. These secondary sites are located along the enemy's most likely approach to and escape from the principal ambush site. Planning. The best security companies emphasise the importance of proper patrol technique for one main reason. Leaders identify required actions on the objective, then plan backward to the departure from friendly lines and forward to the reentry of friendly lines. e. The platoon leader initiates the ambush. The leader must consider additional weapons available to supplement its fires. The principle audiences for ATP 3-21.8 are commanders, staffs, and leaders who are responsible for planning, preparing, executing, and assessing operations of the Infantry platoon and squad. R&S teams are normally used in a zone reconnaissance, but may be useful in any situation when it is impractical to separate the responsibilities for reconnaissance and security. Signal plan--call signs frequencies, code words, pyrotechnics, and challenge and password. (If time and terrain permit, the squad or platoon may place out Claymores and use them to initiate the ambush.). For example, a patrol may be a motorized combat patrol or a foot mobile reconnaissance patrol. The platoon or squad leader should also designate an alternate compass man. It may consist of any attachments that the platoon leader decides that he or the platoon sergeant must control directly. As soon as the tracker loses the trail, he stops. The platoon leader should consider the same sequence in planning the occupation of an ORP. There are various types of patrols, including combat, clearing, reconnaissance, standing and screening patrol. (a) As the search team approaches a dead enemy soldier, one man guards while the other man searches. All soldiers accomplish the following daily: shave; brush teeth; wash face, hands, armpits, groin, and feet; and darken (polish) boots. The leader considers the following when planning an antiarmor ambush. e. The platoon leader and support element or weapons squad leader start at 6 o'clock and move in a clockwise manner adjusting the perimeter (meeting each squad leader at his squad's left flank). Preface. They normally receive the OPORD in the battalion or company CP where communications are good and key personnel are available. The reentry rally point is located out of sight, sound, and small-arms weapons range of the friendly unit through which the platoon will return. The ORP is tentative until the objective is pinpointed. Everyone is challenged. The leader should attempt to place his elements so that an obstacle is between them and the kill zone. Antiarmor ambushes are established when the mission is to destroy enemy armored or mechanized forces. The support element should be in position before the assault element moves forward of the release point. Platoons and squads use patrol bases--. Plans to establish a patrol base must include selecting an alternate patrol base site. Formations. Immediately after the platoon or squad returns, personnel from higher headquarters conduct a thorough debrief. Platoon leader designates which signal to use if contact is made (for example, colored star cluster), the order of withdrawal if forced out (for example, squads not in contact will move first), and the rendezvous point for the platoon (if the platoon is not to link up at an alternate patrol base). Ambushes are classified by category--hasty or deliberate; type--point or area; and formation--linear or L-shaped. It uses a prearranged signal to let the platoon leader know it is breaking contact. This code word alerts a unit that friendly soldiers are approaching in a less than organized manner and possibly under pressure. patrolling sequence of events. Best use of terrain for routes, rally points, and patrol bases. The return routes should differ from the routes to the objective. Size and composition of the platoon conducting the patrol. i. NOTE: The platoon leader should only attempt this procedure during daylight. The formation of a squad conducting a tracking patrol is in. Normally the platoon headquarters element controls the platoon on a reconnaissance patrol mission. (1) Regaining a lost trail. (1) If radio communications are not possible, the platoon leader, RATELO, and a two-man (buddy team) security element move forward and attempt to contact an OP using the challenge and password. (Figure 3-6.). e. The platoon leader signals the platoon forward (radio) or returns and leads it to the reentry point. The leader selects primary and alternate routes to and from the objective (Figure 3-1). The challenge can be any number less than the specified number. Following the loss of their base at Cavite, Philippines, in December 1941, U.S. Navy submarines were primarily based at Brisbane and Fremantle, Australia (for operations in the south and southwest Pacific), and Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (north and central Pacific). They then engage to prevent enemy forces from escaping or reinforcing. Platoons and squads conduct antiarmor ambushes to destroy one or two armored vehicles. They use checklists to preclude omitting any items vital to the accomplishment of the mission. A deliberate ambush is conducted against a specific target at a predetermined location. (2) The leader must consider the weapons available, and the type and volume of fires required to provide fire support for the assault on the objective. d. The platoon leader must determine how large an element his ambush can engage successfully. Reconnaissance patrols Combat patrols Patrols can be a combination of any of these two classifications. This may include all members of the platoon or the leaders, RATELOs, and any attached personnel. Squads do not execute raids. Destroyed or ceases to resist he may assign reconnaissance and security in assigning tasks to his or! Leaders return to the nature of the radio frequency, SOI, and any attached.! Major activities that a captain can do in orbit, fire teams separate the... Enemy from joining a group in an ambush is a place … Police officers are to. 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