These cover not just the earthquake but the fires which came shortly afterwards, the aftershocks, the notable buildings destroyed, the lives lost, the rescue work and the rebuilding effortinvolved. These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. Image: LEARNZ. Shelley and Ursula stand in front of land that used to be a lagoon until it was uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. The Memorial Square structure incorporated the undamaged Women's Rest Rooms and almost surrounded the Cenotaph while, on Clive Square, the bandstand was likewise swallowed up (McGregor, 1998). On 8 April The Hawke's Bay Earthquake Act was passed, providing statutory assistance to the region (Wright, 2001). The noise was compared to that of 'an express train' (Wright, 2001). Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on board, but then saw th… Some of the information available in this site is from the New Zealand Public domain and supplied by relevant The M s 7.8 Hawke's Bay earthquake of 1931 February 3 (New Zealand local time) was felt throughout most of New Zealand andcaused extensive damage at Napier, Hastings, and throughout Hawke's Bay. Another similar block, housing the Associated Banks, was built on the gardens adjacent to St Patrick's Church (McGregor, 1998). Externally sourced People ran down the earth heaved upwards and swayed (McGregor, 1998). Radio messages were relayed to the outside world via the Devonport Naval Base, which responded immediately by sending HMSS Dunedin and Diomede from Auckland to provide assistance. January 1933 saw the whole town celebrating its revival with the "New Napier Week Carnival". Alvin looks at old sea shells that were once underwater before being uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. Able-bodied men were required to stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work. When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. It was over in a few moments and I climbed back to the concrete. Just better. EARTHQUAKE-SHATTERED NAPIER TO BE REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN IN THE HAWKE’S BAY CAPITAL LAST WEEK. Magnitudes: M W 7.4 - 7.6, M S 7.8 Casualties: 256 killed, thousands injured Occurring at 10:47 am (NZ Summer Time) on Tuesday, 3 February 1931, the Hawke’s Bay earthquake (also known as the Napier Earthquake) is recorded as having caused the largest loss of life and most extensive damage of any quake in New Zealand’s history. - Before and After). On the same day the army set up a tent camp for 2500 people. Together with Borough Council funds, the club contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward Colonnade, where the bell of the H.M.S. Most of the structural damage and human casualties occurred in Napier's (and Hastings) central business district. Advertisement Advertise with NZME. Power and telephone lines were also placed underground in a bid to improve the town's appearance (Campbell, 1975). Land movement in many areas had rendered survey pegs meaningless, and consequently, new regulations under the Hawke's Bay Earthquake Act were gazetted on 23 June 1932. April 8, 1931. Buildings fell down and people were crushed. The shock brought down … Flames gutted almost 11 blocks of central Napier, killing people who were still trapped. 1. In Hastings, 17 people died when Roach’s department store collapsed, and eight when the front of the Grand Hotel fell into the main street. Events Fire broke out in Napier’s business district shortly after the earthquake, and once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were powerless. government agencies. Aftershocks made such efforts dangerous, and some rescuers were killed or injured as more buildings collapsed. 3. 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. In the centre is the temporary hotel building erected on the old site. We mourn the passing of Mr Robinson on Xmas day 2010. Within the Napier Borough it was noted that there was "no difficulty in the business area [and that] all new buildings [had] been erected on the proper places" (ibid.,17). Fire broke out shortly after in the townships of Napier and Hastings destroying what the earthquake had not. Nine students died in the wreckage of Napier Technical College and seven at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. 200. In Na… Applications for shops far exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot (Campbell, 1975). A communal burial of the Napier victims took place on Thursday 5 February at Park Island Cemetery near Greenmeadows (McGregor, 1998) and, on the following Sunday, a Dominion wide "Day of Mourning" was declared (Wright, 2001). The first new structure to be built in the CBD was the Market Reserve Building, completed in 1931. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand This is an e… NAPIER AFTER THE 1931 EARTHQUAKE. Consequently, Napier's business district, from Tennyson Street to Dickens Street, was abandoned to the flames which, after destroying any remaining wooden structures, left the town looking like a bomb site (Wright, 2001). All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on Tuesday 3 February 1931, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region.It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. Commander H. L. Morgan was informed on the King’s Birthday, June 3rd 1931, that he had been made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, in recognition of his services at the Napier earthquake. The conditions were favourable for the spread of fire in that it was a hot, fine day following a dry spell of weather. After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). The Army also arrived reaching Napier slightly before the Navy. Buildings swayed violently, and their walls bulged and collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and people. Fifteen died at an old men’s home near Taradale, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the rubble three days later. At 7.00 a.m. HMS Veronica slowly steamed into Port Ahuriri, the old port of Napier, now used for coastal shipping and other small craft. New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timelineHawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timelineHawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timelineNational Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, 'Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/hawkes-bay-earthquake-0, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 5-Oct-2020. It also has one of the most photographed tourist attractions in the country, a statue on Marine Parade called Pania of the Reef . Consequently, many businessmen, already bound by heavy pre-quake mortgages found themselves unable to rebuild (McGregor, 1998). While every endeavour has been taken by the Napier City Council to ensure that the information on this website is On February 3, 1931 the peaceful tranquillity of New Zealand's Hawkes Bay region was shattered when the area was struck by the worst earthquake … THE NAPIER EARTHQUAKE of 1931 with photos Napier 1931 Earthquake another list of names some with notes & bios. Huge splits in the road appeared. 4. While some Napier townsfolk were sheltering in tents on the Marine Parade beach and other open spaces (Wright, 2001), the tent town in Nelson Park served as the official evacuation centre for Napier (McGregor, 1998). The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, which had a magnitude of about 8, killed more than 250 people and destroyed much of central Napier and Hastings. At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawke’s Bay for almost three minutes. On 4 February a planned evacuation began. When the Commissioners began the restoration of the CBD, they consulted the Napier Reconstruction Committee, an organisation with representatives from local authorities, business and the professions, whose job was to investigate numerous reconstruction needs. It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster.Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 M s (magnitude 7.9 M w).There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the … Having been impressed by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). Bridges and railway lines were broken and bent. Number of people that died in napier. Among the buildings destroyed were Napier’s Anglican cathedral, public library and nurses’ home, where clerical staff and off-duty nurses died. Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online As Napier's largest building it stood as a symbol, not only for the region's recovery from the earthquake but also from the great depression itself (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). Transcript. Some of the bios below were taken from this site The official death toll was 256 people who died in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake but there are 258 names on the memorial and this unofficial number is likely to be correct - 161 in Napier Information contained has been assembled in good faith. 1905, All Blacks' non-try hands Wales historic win, Home Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. The HMS Veronica had just tied up in Napier’s inner harbor when the earthquake hit. Meanwhile, fires started in two chemist shops on Hastings Street - those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson. Napier City Council cannot accept any liability for its accuracy or content. A huge piece of land that . Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. The investiture to Commander Morgan was made by the Governor-General in the evening following the Auckland Regatta in January 1932. The cities that were worst effected included Napier and Hastings. Water was collected from Artesian wells in Mclean Park. 3 February Only then could the task of clearing Napier begin in earnest. The official death toll for the Hawke’s Bay earthquake is 256 (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, two in Wairoa). Letter from Frank Logan to Newcastle post the earthquake. In 1931 Napier and Hastings faced reconstruction after the massive earthquake. On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. Top: A view showing the cleared site of the well-known Masonic Hotel. 5. Then, half a minute of calm and another violent shock with a downward movement, and more swaying and rocking (McGregor, 1998). The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. © Napier City Council - www.napier.govt.nz / +64 6 835 7579 / info@napier.govt.nz, New or Renewal Managers Certificate Application, Inscription in Wharerangi Book of Remembrance, Safe Routes to School – Hill Intersections (closes 24 December 2020), Napier's Parks & Reserves - Tell us what you think! In Napier and Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals (McGregor, 1998). Two naval cruisers arrived from Auckland on the 4th with medical personnel and supplies. Rescue parties, boosted by sailors and soldiers, worked desperately to reach those trapped in wrecked buildings. What is 161? graphics and images are protected by copyright, unless specifically notified to the contrary. Occupying the entire block between Hastings and Market Streets on the southern side of Tennyson Street, the new building was seen as "a statement of faith in Napier's future" (McGregor, 1998:40). This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). Four months later, Barton promised that 130 shops would be ready by the end of the year and requested that businesses in Tin Town be ready to leave their temporary premises as soon as new ones were made available. Burials of the dead also began in both Napier and Hastings. NAPIER EARTHQUAKE 1931. Napier is a popular tourist city, with a unique concentration of 1930s Art Deco architecture, built after much of the city was razed in the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. Roofs caved in on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres. These strictly monitored loans were, however, generally too small to meet building costs, let alone the expense of fittings and new stock. It was a typical summer morning in this town noted for its long hours of sunshine. One council was replaced by commissioners and the other stuck with its elected members. were feeling New Zealand’s worst earthquake at 7.8 on the Richter scale. It woke me up it was an alarm clock for Napier today." In the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII, the Napier Thirty Thousand Club played a leading role in the development of Marine Parade, raising funds for the Sound Shell, the outer Colonnade, the skating rink and the Memorial Arches. … On 17 February, a moratorium was placed on the rebuilding of any business premises until further notice, in order to allow time for the rational planning of a new CBD for Napier (McGregor, 1998). With Napier’s hospitals badly damaged and unusable, medical authorities set up makeshift surgeries at the botanical gardens and Hastings and Napier Park racecourses. Of those who were allotted places, some were less than happy with their positioning. A Government loan of £10,000 provided for the building of 32 temporary business premises in Clive Square and 22 professional offices in Memorial Square (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). How big and how long did the earthquake last for? Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Ruins of the Napier nurses’ home following the earthquake (Alexander Turnbull Library, 1/2-002952-F), New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timeline, National Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, Hawke's Bay earthquake (Hastings District Libraries), New Zealand disasters: Napier earthquake (Chch City Libraries), Hawke's Bay earthquake (1966 encyclopaedia), Napier severely damaged by 1931 earthquake. - Before and After). In addition to these efforts, the officers and men of the NZ Naval Squadron also made a generous donation subscribing to a special relief fund in the amount of £530 (H.B. Food depots were set up in Napier at Carlyle Street school; the Hastings Street school; Miss Beharrell's school on Bluff Hill; on Napier Terrace and at Ahuriri. The street with the most "outstanding example of movement" was Georges Drive (ibid.). A member of a well known Newcastle family, Mr. Frank Logan, who for nearly 50 years has been in practice as a solicitor in Napier, N.Z., is among the sufferers by the recent earthquake disaster. Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 Ms (magnitude 7.9 Mw). On the morning of 3 February 1931, the air 'had grown still and oppressive' and the sea was 'so calm and still' and a 'most peculiar colour', so much that everyone was talking about it (Wright, 2001). No work was too dangerous for the "bluejackets". Surface deformation accompanying the earthquake resulted in a >90 km long, 17 km wide asymmetric dome trending northeast and extending from southwest of Hastings to northeast of the Mohaka River … 200. The 8.3 magnitude Hawke's Bay Earthquake hits New Zealand on February 3rd at 10:47 AM. But it was different for people nearby in Hastings and Napier. We have 8 articles, related to Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. By March 1932, nineteen new shops in Hastings Street and Tennyson Street were ready for occupation. Archival audio: Gordon Amner recalls the 1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake. Two and a half minutes after the first shock it was over. It wasn't until that afternoon that the fires finally died out and the destruction could be assessed (McGregor, 1998). Where did the incident happen beginning with 'N' Although some businesses had already re-established themselves, there was a real concern that hasty reconstruction would result in shoddy buildings and that the urgent clearing of debris might be hindered. That same year the landmark Temperance & General (T&G) Insurance Company building was constructed on the corner of Emerson Street and Marine Parade. On February 13th, 10 days later, there was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the heavy damage in the region. Small service lanes running "up the back of city blocks" (NCC 138) provided off-street loading zones and a location for "sewers and stormwater services" (ibid.). At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. On February 3rd, 1931, Ruth McNab and the children . The Borough Council set the ball rolling by dismantling the first row of its own buildings and shops in Memorial Square (Campbell, 1975). Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on the boat, but saw the wharf shaking and houses and other buildings crumbling down. New Zealand's most devastating earthquake killed more than 250 and destroyed Napier and Hastings in February 1931. From these shops the fire spread into adjoining buildings, and by mid afternoon, the town was completely ablaze. The Napier Earthquake Of 1931 The Napier Earthquake of 1931.Learn about the worst earthquake in New zealand's history and it's grisly toll. The official toll for the Hawke's Bay earthquake was 256 dead (including 162 in Napier), 2 unaccounted for, and 400 hospitalised (McGregor, 1998). Erected by the Fletcher Construction Company, and popularly referred to as Tin Town, the extensive corrugated iron complex opened on 16 March 1931. Killing 256 people, It remains New Zealand's most deadliest natural disaster. The act provided loans for companies (excepting national companies or those with head offices outside Hawke's Bay) and individuals, to assist them to rebuild. Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. The official death toll was 256. The response was called 'a genuine triumph of organisation'. Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. An edited sample only. As buildings began to disintegrate, many people fled outdoors into a lethal rain of chunks from ornate facades, parapets and cornices. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). The wind had also shifted from a westerly (off-shore) to an easterly which sent the flames roaring up Hastings Street towards the Hill (H.B. The setting up of emergency services was greatly assisted by seamen from HMS Veronica, moored at West Quay at the time of the earthquake. Residential kerbside rubbish collections are changing. However, there are 258 names on the earthquake memorial in Napier. Administered by the Lands Department, these "were designed to overcome difficulties about boundaries of properties which [had] been moved by the earthquake" (NCC, Report of Committee of Management: p.16). Fires were everywhere" (NZH 6/2/1931 quoted in Wright, 2001:77). Shortly after 10.45am on Tuesday the 3rd February 1931 an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale struck the Hawke's Bay area on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. Quite the same Wikipedia. Built in 1929, the two-storey bungalow that survived the 1931 Napier earthquake was left dangerously close to the edge of a large, muddy bank. Some of the greatest tragedies occurred as a result of collapsed masonry buildings - brick being the deadliest of materials in an earthquake - resulting in many deaths inside the Nurses' Home on the Hill, the 'old people's home', and the Technical College near Clive Square where 9 pupils were killed (H.B. The 7.8-magnitude quake was followed by fires which gutted central Napier. Initially, women and children were to be sent while the men were expected to stay and help out (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). 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