He sees a new update after 2 minutes, then 6, then 4, then 8. Long-term effects? Operant Conditioning (OC) is a method of learning developed by behaviourist, B.F. Skinner, who believed that human behaviour is extrinsically motivated. The process of learning associations between events and behavi…. On a _ schedule of reinforcement, the reinforcer is delivered independently of any response. Operant conditioning can involve positive reinforcement, such as giving a dog a treat or a rat getting food. The operant response is given the symbol _, while a discriminative stimulus is given the symbol _. Steven has fond memories of his mother reading fairy tales to him when he was a child, and as a result he now enjoys reading fairy tales as an adult. For Steven, the act of reading fairy tales is functioning as what type of reinforcer? Definition. As a result, the rat is more likely not to press the lever. A _ is the response requirement that must be met to obtain reinforcement. Operant conditioning (or instrumental conditioning) focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment to increase or decrease a behavior. Definition. According to Mowrer, I go out of my way to avoid bees because behaving this way has been (positively/negatively) _ (reinforced/. On a _ schedule, reinforcement is contingent upon the first response during a varying period of time. Events that are innately reinforcing are called _ reinforcers; events that become reinforcers through experience are called _ reinforcers. _, removed (or substracted); presented (or added). Laura tried very hard to get Trish to talk to her but quickly gave up. John is checking his Facebook feed and refreshing the page every so often. _. Log in Sign up. A pleasant consequence makes that behavior more likely to be repeated in the future. A _ indicates the strength of responding in the presence of stimuli that are similar to the _ and that vary along a _. The child may also become _ as a result of the spanking, which might later be directed to his little brother or sister. Laura tried hard to get Trish to talk to her. A parent who wishes to punish her little girl for playing too roughly with the cat would do well to impose the punishing consequence _ after the occurrence of the unwanted behavior and, at least initially, on a(n) (consistent /unpredictable) _ basis. Edit. In operant conditioning, organisms learn to associate a behavior and its consequence ([link]). If she is also scolded when she speaks out of turn, she becomes less likely to interrupt the class. Operant conditioning, sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning, is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. On a _ schedule, reinforcement is contingent on emitting a series of responses at a specific rate. In his experiments, Pavlov … Share. Operant Conditioning Quiz. Operant Conditioning is a simple description of operant conditioning / instrumental learning and why it is important in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Chances are that this persistence results because their behavior of selling merchandise is on a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. Definition. Get Super. B.F. SKINNER'S EXPERIMENT 13. chuah_yi_ning. B. F. Skinner's work elaborated what E. L. Thorndike had called: A) shaping. To solve this problem, she announces that whenever she is holding up a flag, the children can run around and do whatever they want. -A rat was rewarded with a food pellet for pressing a lever. Yan lives in a very crowded city, so he teaches his little boy to stay in close contact with his right hand whenever they are walking in a crowd. Ahmed's daily routine consists of swimming without rest for 30 minutes, following which he takes a break. When Trish's best friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), reinforcement is contingent upon a fixed, predictable number of responses. The notion of operant conditioning has been a fairly significant theory in the realm of psychology in the 20th Century. Operant Conditioning. When Deanna screams continuously, her mother occasionally pays attention to her. This set of symptoms in experimental animals is known as experimental _; in humans, it is known as _ stress disorder. Thereafter, Obert often pretended that he was ill so that he did not have to go to school. If a dog receives a treat each time it begs for one, its begging is being maintained on a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. Neem accepts Jason's invitation for a date only when she has "nothing better to do." More persistent is to less persistent as (high/low) _ resistance to extinction is to _ resistance to extinction. Obert did not want to go to school one morning and so pretended that he was ill. Sure enough, his mother fell for the trick and let him stay home that day. Reinforcers and punishers are defined entirely by their _ on behavior. Different response requirements have different effects on behavior. For children who are old enough to understand language, punishment. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior. Match. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. By comparison, a bee phobia may be acquired after _ conditioning trial(s). Harpreet very much enjoys hard work and often volunteers for projects that are quite demanding. For example, if a student is rewarded with praise every time she raises her hand in class, she becomes more likely to raise her hand again in the future. OPERANT CONDITION BY B,F, SKINNER • An American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher • Born: 20 March 1904 Died: 18 August 1990 • Known for: Operant conditioning, Operant conditioning chamber, Radical behaviorism 12. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. According to the _, walking through the woods could still be used as a reinforcer for yardwork given that one restricts the frequency of walking to _ its _ level. Undergraduate psychology quiz on the two main forms of conditioning, operant and classical conditioning. This is similar to a behavior management technique known as _ that is used to guide animals. When Renee was in elementary school, she was cruelly teased by a classmate each recess. Of the four basic schedules, Jason's behavior of asking Neem for a date is most likely on a _ schedule of reinforcement. If Jason is extremely persistent in asking Neem out for a date, she will occasionally accept his invitation. Losing your wallet by being careless is an example of a (negative/positive) _ punisher, while getting a shock by being careless is an example of a _ punisher (assuming in each case that the behavior _ in frequency). She even asked Trish if she would like to go to the local video arcade, which had been a favorite activity of theirs when they first became friends. (A) primary, (B) secondary, (C) intrinsic, (D) extrinsic, (E) both (B) and (C). For example, in an experimental demonstration of avoidance that involves a tone and an aversive air blast, the rat will likely require (one/more than one) _ conditioning trial. Through this process, an association is formed between the behavior and the consequences of that behavior. STUDY. Her actual distribution of behavior represents her attempt to draw as near to the _ point as possible for these activities. This is because the appearance of game was often on a (use the abbreviation) _ schedule of reinforcement. Start studying Operant Conditioning. Choose from 500 different sets of skinner operant conditioning flashcards on Quizlet. One criticism of Mowrer's two-process theory is that an avoidance response often does not seem to _, even after hundreds of trials. His famous formulation of Law … Beth's behavior of pulling her hand away served to _ the dog's behavior of growling. It is probably the case that the whistle has been paired with _ and is now functioning as a _. According to Mineka, there are limitations in the extent to which experimental demonstrations of avoidance are analogous to human phobias. A result he became less likely to goof around avoidance are analogous to human phobias avoids _, included! Are old enough to understand language, punishment occur on which two types of simple intermittent schedules Law! 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